A Report Card on the State of Diversity in the Green Movement
The green movement has its roots in numerous conservation societies dating back to the early 20th century. But it really took off during the 1960s, with the creation of hundreds of grassroots groups and national and international groups, such as Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth. This movement began as localized concerns led to more political activism and increased interest in environmental issues. The popularization of such works as Silent Spring by Rachel Carson and Barry Commoner’s Science and Survival triggered widespread awareness of human-made degrading the environment.
People of color
On October 24, the First National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit in Washington, D.C. brought together hundreds of environmental justice leaders from around the world. Speakers included Reverend Jesse Jackson, Dolores Huerta, Cherokee tribal chair Wilma Mankiller, and the heads of NRDC and the Sierra Club. Many of the summit attendees are focusing on how they can use their unique experiences to further the environmental movement.
A report card on the state of diversity in the green movement reveals that the environmental movement remains under-represented for communities of color. While people of color represent about 38% of the total population, they only make up 12 to 15 percent of the staff at environmental organizations and are absent from the top levels of most of them. The report also shows that minority communities are at disproportionate risk for air pollution. For instance, African-Americans and Hispanics are 20 percent more likely to suffer from asthma than their white counterparts, and their neighborhoods are often near industrial facilities.
The anti-consumerist fervor that has recently grown within the green movement is not necessarily a new concept. The term is associated with criticism of the consumerist mentality, a view originating in Thorstein Veblen’s Theory of the Leisure Class. It can also refer to the economic theory of Keynesian capitalism, which holds that free choice should determine the structure of society. A number of anti-corporate activists argue that the rise of big corporations has undermined the legitimate authority of nation states, compromising the privacy of their citizens, and manipulating politics and governments.
In Ecology and Society, author Andrew Martell presents the basic ideas of environmental philosophy to students in social science, but goes beyond traditional sociological boundaries. Martell argues that the Green movement philosophy is flawed, and identifies some of its limitations. He evaluates the ecological limits of industrialism and the effects of economic growth, as well as social and ethical arguments for frugality and sustainability. He also explores the development of the Green movement, analyzing its causes, philosophy, and evolution.
Although many people associate the term “environmentalism” with the United States, it was not actually invented here. The concept of environmental advocacy and preservation dates back to the Middle Ages, and farming communities in Asia have long practiced soil conservation and sustainable forestry management. In the 18th century, English writer Thomas Malthus alarmed much of Europe with his predictions of a population crash. His writings and arguments are still relevant today, even as protesters continue to sue the government over its contribution to climate change.
The new fuel-efficiency standard reflects the realities of today’s markets, where SUVs outnumber compact cars. However, automakers are using credits to meet the targets. The draft plan will allow for about 80 billion additional gallons of gasoline and nearly a billion additional tons of carbon dioxide to be released into the atmosphere. In addition, an internal analysis by the auto industry found that the new standard would decrease the price of new vehicles while increasing the price of gasoline.
The Green Party believes that a healthy society should be based on voluntary co-operation between equal individuals in a democratic society. The Green Party believes that decisions that establish a secure basis for co-operation need to be made by the society as a whole through democratic processes. The ideal ecological society will consist of self-governing communities of various sizes that regulate economic and social activities. In such a society, individual responsibility and freedom of expression are important.